In this episode of Footnotes Paule, Logan, and Mollie discuss some of the things in chapter 4 of James that didn't get into the sermon on Sunday (and get horribly derailed at one point talking about an old worship song).
Peshat- "surface" or the literal meaning
Remez- "hints" or the allegorical meaning beyond just the literal sense.
Derash- "inquire" comparative meaning, really connecting dots, midrashic
Sod- "secret" esoteric/mystical meaning. Given through divine inspiration or revelation.
In Footnotes we take the time to cover some of the stuff that didn't make it into the sermon on Sunday. We hope this helps you dig into the text deeper and also gives you some interesting ideas/thoughts during your week.